The role of tumor DNA as a diagnostic tool for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represents the most common type of head and neck cancer worldwide. However, despite advances in cancer care globally there has been little progress in HNSCC, with survival remaining static and slightly worse in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma with 5 year survivals remaining at ∼50%. Conventional analysis of tissue through cytopathology or histopathology are the mainstay of diagnosis.

Furthermore, there are no useful biomarkers for disease diagnosis or surveillance. With recent technological advances, particularly in next generation sequencing, here we explore the application of tumor DNA for HNSCC diagnosis and surveillance, to improve surgical margin analysis and the potential use of molecular agents aiding in the imaging of HNSCC.

Read the full journal article about the research that is setting the stage for TCD research to efficiently diagnose oral cancer in India.